First-in-human study to assess safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of the anti-CD27L antibody-drug conjugate AMG 172 in patients with relapsed/refractory renal cell carcinoma

Christophe Massard, Jean Charles Soria, Jürgen Krauss, Michael Gordon, Albert Lockhart, Erik Rasmussen, Vijay V. Upreti, Sonal Patel, Gataree Ngarmchamnanrith, Haby Henary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluated safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of the anti-CD27L antibody-drug conjugate AMG 172 in patients with relapsed/refractory clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods: This was an open-label, adaptive dose-exploration study in patients with relapsed/refractory ccRCC. The study was conducted in two parts for dose exploration and dose expansion on a biweekly dosing schedule. AMG 172 doses of 0.15, 0.3, 0.6, 1.2, 1.6, 1.8, and 2.4 mg/kg were studied in the dose-exploration phase. Results: The 1.6 mg/kg dose of AMG 172 was identified as the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). The most common adverse events were thrombocytopenia (59%), nausea (54%), decreased appetite (49%), vomiting (46%), and fatigue (35%). The most common dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia and liver injury constituted DLTs that required discontinuation of treatment. Of the 10 patients treated at the MTD in part 2 of the study, 2 patients had grade 3 hepatocellular injury with aspartate aminotransferase or alanine aminotransferase elevation. Pharmacokinetic profiles indicated low levels of circulating unconjugated antibody and unconjugated cytotoxin. Dose-proportional increases in plasma exposure were observed over the dose range of 0.3–2.4 mg/kg. Following multiple biweekly doses, plasma accumulation was less than two-fold. Two patients (5.4%) had a partial response, 6 patients (16.2%) had stable disease, and 13 patients (35.1%) had progressive disease. Conclusion: AMG 172 exhibited a favorable pharmacokinetic profile in patients with relapsed/refractory ccRCC and showed evidence suggestive of limited antitumor activity. Safety and tolerability were as expected for a maytansinoid antibody-drug conjugate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCancer Chemotherapy And Pharmacology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • AMG 172
  • Antibody-drug conjugate
  • CcRCC
  • CD27L
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Phase 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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