Findings from a community education needs assessment to facilitate the integration of genomic medicine into primary care

Carol A. Christianson, Karen Potter Powell, Susan Estabrooks Hahn, Deborah Bartz, Tiese Roxbury, Susan H Blanton, Jeffery M Vance, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Joseph Telfair, Vincent C. Henrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the lay public's knowledge of, and beliefs about, genetics and genetic testing to create an educational initiative that promotes acceptance and utilization of genomic medicine in primary health care. METHODS: A telephone survey of English-speaking adults in Guilford County, North Carolina was conducted in 2006 to identify community members' educational needs regarding genetics and genetic testing. RESULTS: Most respondents recognized the connection between family history and disease risk. A majority did not appear to know about: (1) basic principles of inheritance, (2) laws prohibiting genetic discrimination, and (3) the availability and limitations of genetic tests. About 25% thought that they could not reduce their risk if they have a genetic predisposition for disease. Knowledge level was affected by education, experience, age, and race. CONCLUSION: If primary care providers use family history as a risk assessment tool, community education programs must address (1) the collection of family health history, (2) legislation regarding genetic nondiscrimination, (3) benefits and limitations of existing genetic tests, and (4) genetic determinism. Programs emphasizing practical, "how to" information can be targeted to individuals likely to collect family history information and address misperceptions about discrimination, testing, and determinism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-593
Number of pages7
JournalGenetics in Medicine
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Fingerprint

Needs Assessment
Primary Health Care
Medicine
Genetic Testing
Education
Genetic Determinism
Medical History Taking
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Legislation
Telephone
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • community survey
  • educational needs assessment
  • educational plan
  • family history
  • genomic medicine
  • physician education
  • public knowledge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Findings from a community education needs assessment to facilitate the integration of genomic medicine into primary care. / Christianson, Carol A.; Powell, Karen Potter; Hahn, Susan Estabrooks; Bartz, Deborah; Roxbury, Tiese; Blanton, Susan H; Vance, Jeffery M; Pericak-Vance, Margaret A; Telfair, Joseph; Henrich, Vincent C.

In: Genetics in Medicine, Vol. 12, No. 9, 01.09.2010, p. 587-593.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Christianson, Carol A. ; Powell, Karen Potter ; Hahn, Susan Estabrooks ; Bartz, Deborah ; Roxbury, Tiese ; Blanton, Susan H ; Vance, Jeffery M ; Pericak-Vance, Margaret A ; Telfair, Joseph ; Henrich, Vincent C. / Findings from a community education needs assessment to facilitate the integration of genomic medicine into primary care. In: Genetics in Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 12, No. 9. pp. 587-593.
@article{3392d921a7324581a8204d0741de63ea,
title = "Findings from a community education needs assessment to facilitate the integration of genomic medicine into primary care",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To assess the lay public's knowledge of, and beliefs about, genetics and genetic testing to create an educational initiative that promotes acceptance and utilization of genomic medicine in primary health care. METHODS: A telephone survey of English-speaking adults in Guilford County, North Carolina was conducted in 2006 to identify community members' educational needs regarding genetics and genetic testing. RESULTS: Most respondents recognized the connection between family history and disease risk. A majority did not appear to know about: (1) basic principles of inheritance, (2) laws prohibiting genetic discrimination, and (3) the availability and limitations of genetic tests. About 25{\%} thought that they could not reduce their risk if they have a genetic predisposition for disease. Knowledge level was affected by education, experience, age, and race. CONCLUSION: If primary care providers use family history as a risk assessment tool, community education programs must address (1) the collection of family health history, (2) legislation regarding genetic nondiscrimination, (3) benefits and limitations of existing genetic tests, and (4) genetic determinism. Programs emphasizing practical, {"}how to{"} information can be targeted to individuals likely to collect family history information and address misperceptions about discrimination, testing, and determinism.",
keywords = "community survey, educational needs assessment, educational plan, family history, genomic medicine, physician education, public knowledge",
author = "Christianson, {Carol A.} and Powell, {Karen Potter} and Hahn, {Susan Estabrooks} and Deborah Bartz and Tiese Roxbury and Blanton, {Susan H} and Vance, {Jeffery M} and Pericak-Vance, {Margaret A} and Joseph Telfair and Henrich, {Vincent C.}",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/GIM.0b013e3181ed3f97",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "587--593",
journal = "Genetics in Medicine",
issn = "1098-3600",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Findings from a community education needs assessment to facilitate the integration of genomic medicine into primary care

AU - Christianson, Carol A.

AU - Powell, Karen Potter

AU - Hahn, Susan Estabrooks

AU - Bartz, Deborah

AU - Roxbury, Tiese

AU - Blanton, Susan H

AU - Vance, Jeffery M

AU - Pericak-Vance, Margaret A

AU - Telfair, Joseph

AU - Henrich, Vincent C.

PY - 2010/9/1

Y1 - 2010/9/1

N2 - PURPOSE: To assess the lay public's knowledge of, and beliefs about, genetics and genetic testing to create an educational initiative that promotes acceptance and utilization of genomic medicine in primary health care. METHODS: A telephone survey of English-speaking adults in Guilford County, North Carolina was conducted in 2006 to identify community members' educational needs regarding genetics and genetic testing. RESULTS: Most respondents recognized the connection between family history and disease risk. A majority did not appear to know about: (1) basic principles of inheritance, (2) laws prohibiting genetic discrimination, and (3) the availability and limitations of genetic tests. About 25% thought that they could not reduce their risk if they have a genetic predisposition for disease. Knowledge level was affected by education, experience, age, and race. CONCLUSION: If primary care providers use family history as a risk assessment tool, community education programs must address (1) the collection of family health history, (2) legislation regarding genetic nondiscrimination, (3) benefits and limitations of existing genetic tests, and (4) genetic determinism. Programs emphasizing practical, "how to" information can be targeted to individuals likely to collect family history information and address misperceptions about discrimination, testing, and determinism.

AB - PURPOSE: To assess the lay public's knowledge of, and beliefs about, genetics and genetic testing to create an educational initiative that promotes acceptance and utilization of genomic medicine in primary health care. METHODS: A telephone survey of English-speaking adults in Guilford County, North Carolina was conducted in 2006 to identify community members' educational needs regarding genetics and genetic testing. RESULTS: Most respondents recognized the connection between family history and disease risk. A majority did not appear to know about: (1) basic principles of inheritance, (2) laws prohibiting genetic discrimination, and (3) the availability and limitations of genetic tests. About 25% thought that they could not reduce their risk if they have a genetic predisposition for disease. Knowledge level was affected by education, experience, age, and race. CONCLUSION: If primary care providers use family history as a risk assessment tool, community education programs must address (1) the collection of family health history, (2) legislation regarding genetic nondiscrimination, (3) benefits and limitations of existing genetic tests, and (4) genetic determinism. Programs emphasizing practical, "how to" information can be targeted to individuals likely to collect family history information and address misperceptions about discrimination, testing, and determinism.

KW - community survey

KW - educational needs assessment

KW - educational plan

KW - family history

KW - genomic medicine

KW - physician education

KW - public knowledge

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957235572&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77957235572&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/GIM.0b013e3181ed3f97

DO - 10.1097/GIM.0b013e3181ed3f97

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 587

EP - 593

JO - Genetics in Medicine

JF - Genetics in Medicine

SN - 1098-3600

IS - 9

ER -