Fibrinolysis Shutdown Is Associated With Thrombotic and Hemorrhagic Complications and Poorer Outcomes After Liver Transplantation

Ramona Nicolau-Raducu, Thiago Beduschi, Rodrigo Vianna, Christian Diez, Mahmoud Sleem, Bhavna P. Singh, Georgia Vasileiou, Yehuda Raveh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Detrimental consequences of hypofibrinolysis, also known as fibrinolysis shutdown (FS), have recently arisen, and its significance in liver transplantation (LT) remains unknown. To fill this gap, this retrospective study included 166 adults who received transplants between 2016 and 2018 for whom baseline thromboelastography was available. On the basis of percent of clot lysis 30 minutes after maximal amplitude, patients were stratified into 3 fibrinolysis phenotypes: FS, physiologic fibrinolysis, and hyperfibrinolysis. FS occurred in 71.7% of recipients, followed by physiologic fibrinolysis in 19.9% and hyperfibrinolysis in 8.4%. Intraoperative and postoperative venous thrombosis events occurred exclusively in recipients with the FS phenotype. Intraoperative thrombosis occurred with an overall incidence of 4.8% and was associated with 25.0% in-hospital mortality. Incidence of postoperative venous thrombosis within the first month was deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism (PE; 4.8%) and portal vein thrombosis/hepatic vein thrombosis (1.8%). Massive transfusion of ≥20 units packed red blood cells was required in 11.8% of recipients with FS compared with none in the other 2 phenotype groups (P = 0.01). Multivariate analysis identified 2 pretransplant risk factors for FS: platelet count and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis/cryptogenic cirrhosis. Recursive partitioning identified a critical platelet cutoff value of 50 × 10 9 /L to be associated with FS phenotype. The hyperfibrinolysis phenotype was associated with the lowest 1-year survival (85.7%), followed by FS (95.0%) and physiologic fibrinolysis (97.0%). Infection/multisystem organ failure was the predominant cause of death; in the FS group, 1 patient died of exsanguination, and 1 patient died of massive intraoperative PE. In conclusion, there is a strong association between FS and thrombohemorrhagic complications and poorer outcomes after LT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-387
Number of pages8
JournalLiver Transplantation
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Hepatology
  • Transplantation

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