In a model of brain damage in the rhesus monkey fetus, carbon monoxide inhalation by the mother was used to produce graded fetal hypoxia. Four fetuses with arterial oxygen contents of 2.1 to 2.4 ml per 100 ml during the most severe insult hour appeared neurologically normal, and their brains contained no lesions. A single animal with an intermediate degree of hypoxia was moderately abnormal; its brain showed extensive necrosis of the basal ganglia. Four fetuses with arterial oxygen contents of 1.6 to 1.8 ml per 100 ml during the most severe insult hour showed profound clinical deficits, and on postmortem examination the brains were markedly swollen and showed an extensive hemorrhagic necrosis. The fetal brain exhibits a high threshold to the effects of sustained hypoxia, but once a critical level of deoxygenation is exceeded, extensive brain damage with early death results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology