Federal financing of child care: Alternative approaches and economic implications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This paper surveys alternative approaches to financing child care at the federal level and discusses their economic implications with respect to female labor force participation, fertility, child care demand and supply, and poverty. The current system of federal support for child care is seen to consist of a series of overlapping programs that tend to create inefficiencies and inequities in the distribution of child care benefits. Four basic principles of an ideal child care system are outlined, and a general two-tiered system of support is proposed that would satisfy these four principles. The two-tiered system is centered on a refundable tax credit considerably more progressive than the current child care tax credit. A simulation analysis indicates that the proposed refundable tax credit would not cost much more than many of the more popular child care bills currently being debated in Congress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-90
Number of pages26
JournalPopulation Research and Policy Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Federal financing of child care: Alternative approaches and economic implications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this