Mid-dermal elastolysis is a rare disorder that is manifested clinically by wrinkling and histologically by the selective absence of elastic fibers in the mid dermis. We describe a young woman who developed abnormal wrinkling after augmentation mammoplasty with silicone implants. Histologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of mid-dermal elastolysis. In addition, a positive antinuclear antibody titer and a false-positive Lyme titer were subsequently detected. In a previously reported case a patient who had mid-dermal elastolysis also had an unusual false-positive pattern for Lyme disease. Silicone mammoplasty has been associated with connective tissue diseases. This report adds mid-dermal elastolysis to the list of diseases associated with augmentation mammoplasty and, along with the presence of autoantibodies, supports autoimmune involvement in mid-dermal elastolysis.
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