Fear conditioning and extinction across development: Evidence from human studies and animal models

Tomer Shechner, Melanie Hong, Jennifer C. Britton, Daniel S. Pine, Nathan A. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to differentiate danger and safety through associative processes emerges early in life. Understanding the mechanisms underlying associative learning of threat and safety can clarify the processes that shape development of normative fears and pathological anxiety. Considerable research has used fear conditioning and extinction paradigms to delineate underlying mechanisms in animals and human adults; however, little is known about these mechanisms in children and adolescents. The current paper summarizes the empirical data on the development of fear conditioning and extinction. It reviews methodological considerations and future directions for research on fear conditioning and extinction in pediatric populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Animal models
  • Classical conditioning
  • Development
  • Extinction
  • Fear conditioning
  • Human studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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