FE65 binds teashirt, inhibiting expression of the primate-specific caspase-4

Yuji Kajiwara, Afia Akram, Pavel Katsel, Vahram Haroutunian, James Schmeidler, Gary Beecham, Jonathan L. Haines, Magaret A. Pericak-Vance, Joseph D. Buxbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Alzheimer disease (AD) amyloid protein precursor (APP) can bind the FE65 adaptor protein and this complex can regulate gene expression. We carried out yeast two-hybrid studies with a PTB domain of FE65, focusing on those genes that might be involved in nuclear signaling, and identified and validated Teashirt proteins as FE65 interacting proteins in neurons. Using reporter systems, we observed that FE65 could simultaneously recruit SET, a component of the inhibitor of acetyl transferase, and Teashirt, which in turn recruited histone deacetylases, to produce a powerful gene-silencing complex. We screened stable cell lines with a macroarray focusing on AD-related genes and identified CASP4, encoding caspase-4, as a target of this silencing complex. Chromatin immunoprecipitation showed a direct interaction of FE65 and Teashirt3 with the promoter region of CASP4. Expression studies in postmortem samples demonstrated decreasing expression of Teashirt and increasing expression of caspase-4 with progressive cognitive decline. Importantly, there were significant increases in caspase-4 expression associated with even the earliest neuritic plaque changes in AD. We evaluated a case-control cohort and observed evidence for a genetic association between the Teashirt genes TSHZ1 and TSHZ3 and AD, with the TSHZ3 SNP genotype correlating with expression of Teashirt3. The results were consistent with a model in which reduced expression of Teashirt3, mediated by genetic or other causes, increases caspase-4 expression, leading to progression of AD. Thus the cell biological, gene expression and genetic data support a role for Teashirt/caspase-4 in AD biology. As caspase-4 shows evidence of being a primate-specific gene, current models of AD and other neurodegenerative conditions may be incomplete because of the absence of this gene in the murine genome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere5071
JournalPloS one
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Kajiwara, Y., Akram, A., Katsel, P., Haroutunian, V., Schmeidler, J., Beecham, G., Haines, J. L., Pericak-Vance, M. A., & Buxbaum, J. D. (2009). FE65 binds teashirt, inhibiting expression of the primate-specific caspase-4. PloS one, 4(4), [e5071]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005071