Fathers' involvement in preadolescents' diabetes adherence and glycemic control

Marisa E. Hilliard, Jennifer M. Rohan, Adam C. Carle, Jennifer Shroff Pendley, Alan Delamater, Dennis Drotar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


ObjectiveTo examine the relationship of paternal involvement in diabetes care with adherence and glycemic control.MethodsOne hundred and thirty-six mothers and fathers of preadolescents (aged 9-12 years) with type 1 diabetes reported on paternal involvement. Adherence was measured by interview and blood glucose meter downloads. Mothers' and fathers' ratings of paternal involvement in diabetes care were compared. We evaluated three structural equation models linking paternal involvement with adherence and glycemic control.ResultsMothers and fathers reported similar amounts of paternal involvement, yet mothers rated paternal involvement as more helpful. The data supported a model indicating links between more paternal involvement and higher HbA1c and between lower adherence and higher HbA1c. Mediation and moderation models were not supported. DiscussionAlthough paternal involvement was not directly associated with treatment adherence, it was associated with poorer glycemic control. Some fathers may increase their involvement in response to suboptimal glycemic outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)911-922
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • adherence
  • children
  • diabetes
  • fatherhood
  • structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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