Fairness perceptions and trust as mediators for transformational and transactional leadership: A two-sample study

Rajnandini Pillai, Chester A. Schriesheim, Eric S. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

521 Scopus citations


This research presents a comprehensive model of relationships between transformational and transactional leadership, procedural and distributive justice, trust, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs). Structural equation modeling was used to test a theoretical model with two independent samples that were comprised of 192 and 155 matched leaders and subordinates. Several rival models were also tested. Finally, "stacked" modeling techniques showed that the parameter estimates developed from the two samples were invariant except for one additional relationship, which was significant in the second sample only. The results supported the indirect effect of transformational leadership on OCBs through procedural justice and trust. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-933
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Management
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Strategy and Management

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