Factors that influence the use and perceptions of employee assistance programs at six worksites.

M. T. French, L. J. Dunlap, P. M. Roman, P. D. Steele

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Employee assistance programs (EAPs) have gained significant importance in contemporary worksites. This article uses data from 6 case studies to examine several research questions regarding the relationship between worker demographic (e.g., gender, job tenure, and marital status), substance use, and workplace policies and the actual and potential use of the company EAP. Unlike in most of the existing literature, the authors did not find that gender, marital status, or job dissatisfaction are statistically related to actual or potential EAP use at most worksites. However, job tenure and some substance use behaviors were related to actual EAP use in a positive and statistically significant way. Another important finding, underlying the credible integration of EAPs into worksite culture, is the positive and robust relationship between employee trust and confidence in the EAP and actual use. The results of our study both reinforce some long-established principles in the EAP field and encourage further consideration of other beliefs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-324
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of occupational health psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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