Factors limiting fruit and seed production of a temperate shrub, Staphylea trifolia L. ( Staphyleaceae).

N. C. Garwood, Carol C Horvitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Staphylea trifolia is a self-incompatible temperate woodland shrub that flowers in May in Illinois. Number of fruits set and matured per flower and per infloresence in open-pollinated treatment was limited by the number of flowers naturally cross-pollinated. In hand-cross-pollinated inflorescences, fruit set was not limited by resources even though fruit set was 10 times greater than in the open-pollinated treatment. Evidence that resources limited fruit maturation in the hand-cross-pollinated inflorescences was equivocal. In hand-cross-pollinated flowers, fruit set was lowest cold nights followed pollination, suggesting that cool temperatures limited postpollination physiological processes. Early-flowering individuals matured fewer fruits than later-flowering individuals. Within the latter group, fruit production increased with plant size, although a relatively small individual matured the maximum number of fruits. Flowering phenologies and size of individuals varied among patches, resulting in differential reproductive success of patches.-from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-466
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Botany
Volume72
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Staphyleaceae
Staphylea
seed productivity
Trifolium
fruit set
fruit production
seed production
limiting factor
fruiting
Fruit
Seeds
flower
shrub
shrubs
flowering
flowers
hands
fruit
fruits
inflorescences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Factors limiting fruit and seed production of a temperate shrub, Staphylea trifolia L. ( Staphyleaceae). / Garwood, N. C.; Horvitz, Carol C.

In: American Journal of Botany, Vol. 72, No. 3, 01.12.1985, p. 453-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{783e1fe80fd0404894f8e0f2b871e6a6,
title = "Factors limiting fruit and seed production of a temperate shrub, Staphylea trifolia L. ( Staphyleaceae).",
abstract = "Staphylea trifolia is a self-incompatible temperate woodland shrub that flowers in May in Illinois. Number of fruits set and matured per flower and per infloresence in open-pollinated treatment was limited by the number of flowers naturally cross-pollinated. In hand-cross-pollinated inflorescences, fruit set was not limited by resources even though fruit set was 10 times greater than in the open-pollinated treatment. Evidence that resources limited fruit maturation in the hand-cross-pollinated inflorescences was equivocal. In hand-cross-pollinated flowers, fruit set was lowest cold nights followed pollination, suggesting that cool temperatures limited postpollination physiological processes. Early-flowering individuals matured fewer fruits than later-flowering individuals. Within the latter group, fruit production increased with plant size, although a relatively small individual matured the maximum number of fruits. Flowering phenologies and size of individuals varied among patches, resulting in differential reproductive success of patches.-from Authors",
author = "Garwood, {N. C.} and Horvitz, {Carol C}",
year = "1985",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "453--466",
journal = "American Journal of Botany",
issn = "0002-9122",
publisher = "Botanical Society of America Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors limiting fruit and seed production of a temperate shrub, Staphylea trifolia L. ( Staphyleaceae).

AU - Garwood, N. C.

AU - Horvitz, Carol C

PY - 1985/12/1

Y1 - 1985/12/1

N2 - Staphylea trifolia is a self-incompatible temperate woodland shrub that flowers in May in Illinois. Number of fruits set and matured per flower and per infloresence in open-pollinated treatment was limited by the number of flowers naturally cross-pollinated. In hand-cross-pollinated inflorescences, fruit set was not limited by resources even though fruit set was 10 times greater than in the open-pollinated treatment. Evidence that resources limited fruit maturation in the hand-cross-pollinated inflorescences was equivocal. In hand-cross-pollinated flowers, fruit set was lowest cold nights followed pollination, suggesting that cool temperatures limited postpollination physiological processes. Early-flowering individuals matured fewer fruits than later-flowering individuals. Within the latter group, fruit production increased with plant size, although a relatively small individual matured the maximum number of fruits. Flowering phenologies and size of individuals varied among patches, resulting in differential reproductive success of patches.-from Authors

AB - Staphylea trifolia is a self-incompatible temperate woodland shrub that flowers in May in Illinois. Number of fruits set and matured per flower and per infloresence in open-pollinated treatment was limited by the number of flowers naturally cross-pollinated. In hand-cross-pollinated inflorescences, fruit set was not limited by resources even though fruit set was 10 times greater than in the open-pollinated treatment. Evidence that resources limited fruit maturation in the hand-cross-pollinated inflorescences was equivocal. In hand-cross-pollinated flowers, fruit set was lowest cold nights followed pollination, suggesting that cool temperatures limited postpollination physiological processes. Early-flowering individuals matured fewer fruits than later-flowering individuals. Within the latter group, fruit production increased with plant size, although a relatively small individual matured the maximum number of fruits. Flowering phenologies and size of individuals varied among patches, resulting in differential reproductive success of patches.-from Authors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022173677&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0022173677&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0022173677

VL - 72

SP - 453

EP - 466

JO - American Journal of Botany

JF - American Journal of Botany

SN - 0002-9122

IS - 3

ER -