Factors influencing elementary school teachers' ratings of ADHD and ODD behaviors.

J. Stevens, A. L. Quittner, H. Abikoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Examined factors that influence teachers' ratings of children with either attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). 105 teachers watched 2 videotapes--1 depicting a normal child and the other a child with either ADHD or ODD--and rated each child using 2 different questionnaires. Results indicated that teachers accurately rated the child on the ADHD versus ODD tape as having significantly more inattention and hyperactivity but significantly less oppositionality. However, effect sizes indicated the presence of a unidirectional, negative halo effect of oppositional behaviors on ratings of hyperactivity and inattention. Teachers appeared less biased in their judgments when using a well-operationalized rating scale. Finally, knowledge, education, and experience with children with ADHD generally had no effect on the accuracy of teachers' ratings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-414
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of clinical child psychology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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