Factors associated with resilience among Black women living with HIV and histories of trauma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the United States, Black women living with HIV face various individual (e.g. trauma) and structural (e.g. racism) adversities. However, resilience is understudied among Black women living with HIV. A total of 100 Black women living with HIV in the United States completed measures of resilience, general self-efficacy, self-esteem, post-traumatic growth, trauma symptoms, trauma-related cognitions, and depressive symptoms. Regressions controlling for age and education indicated that higher resilience was associated with higher general self-efficacy (β =.39, p <.001), higher self-esteem (β =.48, p <.001), higher post-traumatic growth (β =.34, p <.01), lower post-traumatic cognitions (β = –.36, p <.001), lower trauma symptoms (β = –.29, p <.01), and lower depressive symptoms (β = –.38, p <.001). Our findings suggest potential targets for interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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HIV
Wounds and Injuries
Self Efficacy
Self Concept
Cognition
Depression
Racism
Growth
Education

Keywords

  • Black women
  • HIV
  • resilience
  • self-efficacy
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "In the United States, Black women living with HIV face various individual (e.g. trauma) and structural (e.g. racism) adversities. However, resilience is understudied among Black women living with HIV. A total of 100 Black women living with HIV in the United States completed measures of resilience, general self-efficacy, self-esteem, post-traumatic growth, trauma symptoms, trauma-related cognitions, and depressive symptoms. Regressions controlling for age and education indicated that higher resilience was associated with higher general self-efficacy (β =.39, p <.001), higher self-esteem (β =.48, p <.001), higher post-traumatic growth (β =.34, p <.01), lower post-traumatic cognitions (β = –.36, p <.001), lower trauma symptoms (β = –.29, p <.01), and lower depressive symptoms (β = –.38, p <.001). Our findings suggest potential targets for interventions.",
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