Factors associated with resilience among Black women living with HIV and histories of trauma

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Abstract

In the United States, Black women living with HIV face various individual (e.g. trauma) and structural (e.g. racism) adversities. However, resilience is understudied among Black women living with HIV. A total of 100 Black women living with HIV in the United States completed measures of resilience, general self-efficacy, self-esteem, post-traumatic growth, trauma symptoms, trauma-related cognitions, and depressive symptoms. Regressions controlling for age and education indicated that higher resilience was associated with higher general self-efficacy (β =.39, p <.001), higher self-esteem (β =.48, p <.001), higher post-traumatic growth (β =.34, p <.01), lower post-traumatic cognitions (β = –.36, p <.001), lower trauma symptoms (β = –.29, p <.01), and lower depressive symptoms (β = –.38, p <.001). Our findings suggest potential targets for interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Black women
  • HIV
  • resilience
  • self-efficacy
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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