Factors associated with barriers to engagement in HIV-prevention care among sexual minority men

Audrey Harkness, Sierra A. Bainter, Noelle A. Mendez, Daniel Hernandez Altamirano, Conall O’Cleirigh, Matthew J. Mimiaga, Kenneth H. Mayer, Steven A. Safren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Engagement with HIV-prevention services varies among sexual minority men (SMM). 183 HIV-negative SMM completed a baseline assessment including sociodemographic, psychosocial, identity and stigma, and sexuality measures, as well as HIV-prevention behaviors: (1) date of most recent HIV test, (2) whether they discussed HIV or (3) sexual behavior with their provider, and (4) disclosure to provider about engaging in condomless anal sex (CAS). Factor analysis of these four items yielded an HIV-prevention engagement factor score. Stochastic search variable selection (SSVS) followed by multiple linear regression identified variables associated with HIV-prevention engagement. SSVS identified three variables for inclusion in a multiple linear regression model. Not disclosing sexual orientation to one’s provider (p < 0.001), discomfort discussing sex with provider (p < 0.001) and lower education (p = 0.007) were associated with less HIV-prevention engagement. Findings suggest the importance of training providers in culturally competent care to mitigate observed barriers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Disclosure
  • Education
  • HIV-prevention
  • Sexual minority men
  • Sexual orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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