Facilitation of physical aggression through objective self-awareness

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66 Scopus citations


Based on a theory of self-awareness it was hypothesized that induced attention to the self would facilitate aggression if the salient standard of behavior was one in which high aggression was positively valued. Female subjects were given an opportunity to shock a male confederate of the experimenter in a presumed learning experiment. Self-awareness was induced in half the subjects by the presence of a mirror. The Mirror group delivered significantly higher shocks to the confederate than did the No-Mirror control group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-370
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1974
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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