Facial and Extrafacial Lesions in an Ethnically Diverse Series of 91 Patients with Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia Followed at a Single Center

Joshua S. Mervis, Luis J. Borda, Mariya Miteva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Various facial and extrafacial lesions have been reported in frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA). Facial papules have been associated with worse prognosis. Objectives: We sought to detect the prevalence of facial and extrafacial lesions and to analyze their relation to demographic and clinical variables in a large and ethnically diverse series of patients with FFA. Methods: Charts of patients diagnosed with FFA between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2017, at the Department of Dermatology, University of Miami, were reviewed retrospectively. Results: 91 patients (87 women and 4 men) met inclusion criteria: 45% (n = 41) were of Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, and 34% (n = 30) were premenopausal. Facial papules were most commonly detected (41% among Hispanic/Latino patients). Significant associations were found between: (1) Hispanic/Latino ethnicity and any FFA-associated facial lesions, facial papules alone, or lichen planus pigmentosus alone, as well as premenopausal status; (2) any FFA-associated facial lesions or facial papules alone and premenopausal status; and (3) Hispanic/Latino ethnicity and simultaneous presence of facial and extrafacial lesions. Conclusions: There is a significant association among Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, facial papules, and premenopausal status, which may portend a susceptibility to severer disease and prompt early and aggressive treatment in this group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDermatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Alopecia
Hispanic Americans
Lichen Planus
Dermatology
Demography

Keywords

  • Facial papule
  • Hair loss
  • Lichen planopilaris
  • Lichen planus pigmentosus
  • Scarring alopecia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

@article{cfdb036743a34b1897157c41d8004fca,
title = "Facial and Extrafacial Lesions in an Ethnically Diverse Series of 91 Patients with Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia Followed at a Single Center",
abstract = "Background: Various facial and extrafacial lesions have been reported in frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA). Facial papules have been associated with worse prognosis. Objectives: We sought to detect the prevalence of facial and extrafacial lesions and to analyze their relation to demographic and clinical variables in a large and ethnically diverse series of patients with FFA. Methods: Charts of patients diagnosed with FFA between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2017, at the Department of Dermatology, University of Miami, were reviewed retrospectively. Results: 91 patients (87 women and 4 men) met inclusion criteria: 45{\%} (n = 41) were of Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, and 34{\%} (n = 30) were premenopausal. Facial papules were most commonly detected (41{\%} among Hispanic/Latino patients). Significant associations were found between: (1) Hispanic/Latino ethnicity and any FFA-associated facial lesions, facial papules alone, or lichen planus pigmentosus alone, as well as premenopausal status; (2) any FFA-associated facial lesions or facial papules alone and premenopausal status; and (3) Hispanic/Latino ethnicity and simultaneous presence of facial and extrafacial lesions. Conclusions: There is a significant association among Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, facial papules, and premenopausal status, which may portend a susceptibility to severer disease and prompt early and aggressive treatment in this group.",
keywords = "Facial papule, Hair loss, Lichen planopilaris, Lichen planus pigmentosus, Scarring alopecia",
author = "Mervis, {Joshua S.} and Borda, {Luis J.} and Mariya Miteva",
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language = "English (US)",
journal = "Dermatology",
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T1 - Facial and Extrafacial Lesions in an Ethnically Diverse Series of 91 Patients with Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia Followed at a Single Center

AU - Mervis, Joshua S.

AU - Borda, Luis J.

AU - Miteva, Mariya

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Background: Various facial and extrafacial lesions have been reported in frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA). Facial papules have been associated with worse prognosis. Objectives: We sought to detect the prevalence of facial and extrafacial lesions and to analyze their relation to demographic and clinical variables in a large and ethnically diverse series of patients with FFA. Methods: Charts of patients diagnosed with FFA between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2017, at the Department of Dermatology, University of Miami, were reviewed retrospectively. Results: 91 patients (87 women and 4 men) met inclusion criteria: 45% (n = 41) were of Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, and 34% (n = 30) were premenopausal. Facial papules were most commonly detected (41% among Hispanic/Latino patients). Significant associations were found between: (1) Hispanic/Latino ethnicity and any FFA-associated facial lesions, facial papules alone, or lichen planus pigmentosus alone, as well as premenopausal status; (2) any FFA-associated facial lesions or facial papules alone and premenopausal status; and (3) Hispanic/Latino ethnicity and simultaneous presence of facial and extrafacial lesions. Conclusions: There is a significant association among Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, facial papules, and premenopausal status, which may portend a susceptibility to severer disease and prompt early and aggressive treatment in this group.

AB - Background: Various facial and extrafacial lesions have been reported in frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA). Facial papules have been associated with worse prognosis. Objectives: We sought to detect the prevalence of facial and extrafacial lesions and to analyze their relation to demographic and clinical variables in a large and ethnically diverse series of patients with FFA. Methods: Charts of patients diagnosed with FFA between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2017, at the Department of Dermatology, University of Miami, were reviewed retrospectively. Results: 91 patients (87 women and 4 men) met inclusion criteria: 45% (n = 41) were of Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, and 34% (n = 30) were premenopausal. Facial papules were most commonly detected (41% among Hispanic/Latino patients). Significant associations were found between: (1) Hispanic/Latino ethnicity and any FFA-associated facial lesions, facial papules alone, or lichen planus pigmentosus alone, as well as premenopausal status; (2) any FFA-associated facial lesions or facial papules alone and premenopausal status; and (3) Hispanic/Latino ethnicity and simultaneous presence of facial and extrafacial lesions. Conclusions: There is a significant association among Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, facial papules, and premenopausal status, which may portend a susceptibility to severer disease and prompt early and aggressive treatment in this group.

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KW - Lichen planus pigmentosus

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