Eyelid: External levator resection

Mehdi Tavakoli, Benjamin Erickson, Wendy W. Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Blepharoptosis is an unpleasant complaint of the patients referring to oculoplastic clinics. Following a thorough medical and neurologic work-up, the surgical correction is the main treatment strategy in many cases. Levator muscle function is a measure of maximal lid excursion and crucial for selecting the best surgical approach. Once the levator muscle function is measured as reasonable, along with a good Bell's phenomenon, the strengthening of the muscle by the shortening or resection techniques through an external approach can favorably elevate the eyelid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOperative Dictations in Ophthalmology
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9783319454955
ISBN (Print)9783319454948
StatePublished - Apr 24 2017


  • Eyelid crease
  • Levator aponeurosis
  • Levator function
  • Levator muscle
  • Muller muscle
  • Orbicularis oculi muscle
  • Orbital septum
  • Preaponeurotic fat
  • Ptosis
  • Tarsus plate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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