Extrusion pump ABCC1 was first linked with nonsyndromic hearing loss in humans by stepwise genetic analysis

Meng Li, Lingyun Mei, Chufeng He, Hongsheng Chen, Xinzhang Cai, Yalan Liu, Runyi Tian, Qi Tian, Jian Song, Lu Jiang, Chang Liu, Hong Wu, Taoxi Li, Jing Liu, Ximan Li, Yifang Yi, Denise Yan, Susan H. Blanton, Zhengmao Hu, Xuezhong LiuJiada Li, Jie Ling, Yong Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: To determine the genetic etiology of deafness in a family (HN-SD01) with autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL). Methods: Stepwise genetic analysis was performed on family HN-SD01, including hotspot variant screening, exome sequencing, virtual hearing loss gene panel, and genome-wide linkage analysis. Targeted region sequencing was used to screen ABCC1 in additional cases. Cochlear expression of Abcc1 was evaluated by messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels. Computational prediction, immunofluorescence, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and flow cytometry were conducted to uncover functional consequences of candidate variants. Results: Stepwise genetic analysis identified a heterozygous missense variant, ABCC1:c.1769A>G (p.Asn590Ser), cosegregating with phenotype in HN-SD01. Screening of ABCC1 in an additional 217 cases identified candidate pathogenic variants c.692G>A (p.Gly231Asp) in a sporadic case and c.887A>T (p.Glu296Val) in a familial proband. Abcc1 expressed in stria vascularis and auditory nerve of mouse cochlea. Immunofluorescence showed p.Asn590Ser distributed in cytomembrane and cytoplasm, while wild type was shown only in cytomembrane. Besides, it generated unstable mRNA and decreased efflux capacity of ABCC1. Conclusion: Stepwise genetic analysis is efficient to analyze the genetic etiology of NSHL. Variants in ABCC1 are linked with NSHL and suggest an important role of extruding pumps in maintaining cochlea function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2744-2754
Number of pages11
JournalGenetics in Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019


  • ABCC1
  • cochlea
  • extrusion pump
  • hearing loss
  • stepwise genetic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)


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