Extrathoracic airway stability during resistive loading in preterm infants

S. Duara, T. Gerhardt, E. Bancalari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extrathoracic airway (ETA) stability was tested in 10 preterm infants during sleep with a drop in intraluminal pressure produced by the application of an external inspiratory flow-resistive load (IRL, 125 cmH2O·1-1·s at 1 l/min). An increase in total pulmonary resistance was sought as the measure of airway narrowing. The role of the ETA in the increased pulmonary resistance with loading was examined by testing the same infants while endotracheally intubated and after extubation. Total pulmonary resistance decreased with loading during the intubated studies (102.5 ± 41.2 to 82.4 ± 33.3 cmH2O·1-1·s, P < 0.05), whereas a significant increase in pulmonary resistance was seen with loading in the extubated studies (101 ± 58.1 to 128 ± 68.6 cmH2O·1-1·s, P < 0.01). Intraluminal pressure in the ETA, measured by the lowest proximal airway pressure, fell significantly with loading in both conditions, with values changing from -0.7 ± 0.3 to -4.7 ± 2.7 cmH2O in the intubated infants and from -0.9 ± 0.3 to -4.6 ± 0.9 cmH2O) in the extubated infants (P < 0.01). The results suggest ETA narrowing with loading in extubated infants despite the absence of overt obstructive apnea. Measurements of total pulmonary resistance with IRL can be used as a simple test of ETA stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1539-1543
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Extrathoracic airway stability during resistive loading in preterm infants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this