Malignant lymphomas represent approximately 5% of all malignant neoplasms of the head and neck and may involve nodal or extranodal sites. Nodal head and neck lymphomas are similar to other nodal sites and are not further reviewed here. The head and neck region is the second most frequent anatomical site of extranodal lymphomas (after the gastrointestinal tract). Most are non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of B-cell lineage, and overall diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common type. Hodgkin's lymphoma rarely occurs in extranodal sites. Other hematologic neoplasms that commonly involve extranodal sites of the head and neck are also discussed. In this review, we begin by discussing lymphomas involving the head and neck according to anatomical site. Then we discuss specifically the pathological findings of extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, plasmablastic lymphoma, extramedullary plasmacytoma, and extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma of nasal type.
- Extranodal lymphoma
- Head and neck
- MALT lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine