Extracranial complications of cerebrospinal fluid shunt function in childhood hydrocephalus

F. R. Murtagh, Robert Quencer, C. A. Poole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There were 112 seperate hospital evaluations in 84 patients for suspected shunt malfunction; 96 evaluations were of ventriculoperitoneal shunts, 13 were of ventriculoatrial shunts, and three were of both types of shunts. In 45 (47%) of 96 ventriculoperitoneal shunts, complications eventually led to surgical revision; 20 (44%) of these were problems of the peritoneal end and therefore peculiar to this type of shunt. Peritoneal end problems included tubing disconnection, bowel obstruction, perforation, and abdominal cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst. Of the 13 ventriculoatrial shunts, 10 (79%) required revision; eight (61%) of these were due to problems of the atrial end. These problems included relative shortening of the tubing due to patient growth, superior vena cava thrombosis, and disconnection. Ventriculoperitoneal shunts were used most frequently and had a lower complication rate (47%). Ventriculoatrial shunts were used less often and had a higher complication rate (79%) and more serious problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763-766
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume135
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980
Externally publishedYes

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Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt
Hydrocephalus
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
Reoperation
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Extracranial complications of cerebrospinal fluid shunt function in childhood hydrocephalus. / Murtagh, F. R.; Quencer, Robert; Poole, C. A.

In: American Journal of Roentgenology, Vol. 135, No. 4, 01.01.1980, p. 763-766.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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