Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth

Julia I. Bravin, Angela P. Gutierrez, Jessica L. McCurley, Scott C. Roesch, Carmen R. Isasi, Alan M Delamater, Krista M. Perreira, Linda Van Horn, Sheila F. Castañeda, Elizabeth Pulgaron, Gregory A. Talavera, Martha L. Daviglus, Maria Lopez-Class, Donglin Zeng, Linda C. Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hispanic/Latino youth are disproportionately affected by obesity. However, how social factors outside of the family relate to Hispanic/Latino youth obesity is not well understood. We examined associations of extra-familial social factors with overweight/obesity prevalence, and their variation by sex and age, in 1444 Study of Latino Youth participants [48.6% female; 43.4% children (8–11 years); 56.6% adolescents (12–16 years)], who were offspring of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants. Youth self-reported general social support from friends, dietary-, and physical activity (PA)-specific support from peers, and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals. Overweight/obesity was defined as body mass index ≥ 85th percentile. Logistic regression models assessed effects of social factors and their interactions with age-group and sex, adjusting for potential confounders. Social support from friends interacted with both age and sex in relation to overweight/obesity. Female children who reported lesser (OR 0.60; 95% CI [0.39, 0.91]) and female adolescents who reported greater (OR 1.35; 95% CI [1.06, 1.74]) social support from friends had higher odds of overweight/obesity. Among males, greater awareness/internalization of thinness ideals related to higher odds of overweight/obesity (OR 2.30; 95% CI [1.59, 3.31]). Awareness/internalization of thinness ideals was not associated with overweight/obesity among females. Dietary and PA-specific peer support did not relate to overweight/obesity. Social support from friends and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals were significantly related to odds of overweight/obesity in Hispanic/Latino youth; associations varied by age and sex, and persisted after control for intra-familial factors (overall family support/function; diet and activity specific support).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Obesity
Thinness
Social Support
Logistic Models
Child Health
Exercise
Body Mass Index
Age Groups
Diet
Health

Keywords

  • Children
  • Hispanic
  • Latino
  • Obesity
  • Peer support
  • Social factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth. / Bravin, Julia I.; Gutierrez, Angela P.; McCurley, Jessica L.; Roesch, Scott C.; Isasi, Carmen R.; Delamater, Alan M; Perreira, Krista M.; Van Horn, Linda; Castañeda, Sheila F.; Pulgaron, Elizabeth; Talavera, Gregory A.; Daviglus, Martha L.; Lopez-Class, Maria; Zeng, Donglin; Gallo, Linda C.

In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bravin, JI, Gutierrez, AP, McCurley, JL, Roesch, SC, Isasi, CR, Delamater, AM, Perreira, KM, Van Horn, L, Castañeda, SF, Pulgaron, E, Talavera, GA, Daviglus, ML, Lopez-Class, M, Zeng, D & Gallo, LC 2019, 'Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth', Journal of Behavioral Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00022-7
Bravin, Julia I. ; Gutierrez, Angela P. ; McCurley, Jessica L. ; Roesch, Scott C. ; Isasi, Carmen R. ; Delamater, Alan M ; Perreira, Krista M. ; Van Horn, Linda ; Castañeda, Sheila F. ; Pulgaron, Elizabeth ; Talavera, Gregory A. ; Daviglus, Martha L. ; Lopez-Class, Maria ; Zeng, Donglin ; Gallo, Linda C. / Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth. In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2019.
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