Objective: To determine the efficacy of low-dose "salvage" external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) following failed subconjunctival carboplatin chemotherapy in a murine model of heritable retinoblastoma. Methods: Eighty-four eyes from 8-week-old, simian virus 40, T-antigen-positive mice were treated with 6 serial subconjunctival carboplatin injections (100 μg/25 μL). At 12 weeks of age, 64 eyes received EBRT for a total dose of 480 (4.8 Gy), 1200 (12.0 Gy), 1560 (15.6 Gy), or 3000 (30.0 Gy) rad. Twenty eyes received no additional therapy following subconjunctival carboplatin injections. Ten eyes received a total dose EBRT of only 3000 rad. Eight eyes received subconjuctival injections of only an isotonic sodium chloride solution. Ten eyes served as untreated controls. Main Outcome Measures: Eyes were enucleated at 20 weeks to assess the presence of tumor on histopathological examination. Results: Salvage therapy using low-dose EBRT was able to reestablish tumor control in a dose-dependent manner. Increasing the EBRT dose to 3000 rad resulted in 100% tumor control. The dose-dependent curves were significantly different between the treatment groups-EBRT alone vs salvage EBRT after receiving subconjunctival carboplatin injections (P<.001). Conclusion: Low-dose hyperfractionated salvage EBRT following failed primary subconjunctival carboplatin chemotherapy is efficacious in the treatment of retinoblastoma in this animal model. Clinical Relevance: Salvage EBRT using a reduced total radiation dose could be associated with a radiation-related treatment enhancement in pediatric retinoblastoma.
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