Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The treatment of musculoskeletal trauma has assumed increasing importance to the orthopedic surgeon. This is due to improvement in resuscitation techniques and consequently increased survival of the traumatized person, and more time spent in pursuit of leisure and therefore, greater exposure to potential accidents. The two major types of fracture fixation are internal and external. Internal fixation is more common and consists of stabilization with various types of plates, rods, screws and wires. External fixation utilizes pins through the bone attached to some type of frame which is external to the body part. Clinical examples illustrating both types are presented and the relative advantages and disadvantages are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
StatePublished - Dec 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics


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