Extended cognition and the mark of the cognitive

Mark Rowlands

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


According to the thesis of the extended mind (EM), at least some token cognitive processes extend into the cognizing subject's environment in the sense that they are (partly) composed of manipulative, exploitative, and transformative operations performed by that subject on suitable environmental structures. EM has attracted four ostensibly distinct types of objection. This paper has two goals. First, it argues that these objections all reduce to one basic sort: all the objections can be resolved by the provision of an adequate and properly motivated criterionor markof the cognitive. Second, it provides such a criterionone made up of four conditions that are sufficient for a process to count as cognitive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalPhilosophical Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009


  • Cognition
  • Extended mind
  • Mark of the cognitive
  • Vehicle externalism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Philosophy


Dive into the research topics of 'Extended cognition and the mark of the cognitive'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this