Expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor and Her-2 are predictors of favorable outcome and reduced complete response rates, respectively, in patients with muscle-invading bladder cancers treated by concurrent radiation and cisplatin-based chemotherapy: A report from the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group

Arnab Chakravarti, Kathryn Winter, Chin Lee Wu, Donald Kaufman, Elizabeth Hammond, Matthew Parliament, William Tester, Michael Hagan, David Grignon, Niall Heney, Alan Pollack, Howard Sandler, William Shipley

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119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Erb-1 (epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR) and Erb-2 (Her-2) are two of the best characterized members in the EGFR pathway. In many tumor types, overexpression of these proteins is associated with enhanced malignant potential. Our objective in this study was to investigate the clinical relevance of EGFR and Her-2 expression in bladder cancer cases from four prospective Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) bladder preservation trials using cisplatin-containing chemoradiation (RTOG 8802, 8903, 9506, and 9706). Methods and Materials: Tumors from 73 cases from patients with muscle-invading T2-T4a bladder cancers had slides interpretable for EGFR staining; 55 cases had slides interpretable for Her-2 staining. Additionally, the respective prognostic values of p53, pRB, and p16 immunostaining were concomitantly examined. Staining and interpretation of staining were done in a blinded manner, without knowledge of clinical outcome. Staining was judged as positive or negative. Subsequently, staining was correlated with clinical outcome. Results: On univariate analysis, EGFR positivity was significantly associated with improved overall survival (p = 0.044); disease-specific survival (DSS) (p = 0.042); and DSS with intact bladder (p = 0.021). There was also a trend for association between EGFR expression and reduced frequency of distant metastasis (p = 0.06). On multivariate analysis adding tumor stage, tumor grade, whether a visibly complete transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) was done or not, and patient age to the model, EGFR positivity was significantly associated with improved DSS. On univariate analysis, Her-2 positivity was significantly associated with reduced complete response (CR) rates (50% vs. 81%, p = 0.026) after chemoradiation which remained significant on multivariate analysis. The other markers examined in this study were not found to have any prognostic value in this setting. Conclusion: Epidermal growth factor receptor expression appears to correlate significantly with improved outcome in bladder cancer, whereas Her-2 expression is significantly associated only with reduced CR rates after chemoradiation. Further investigations are warranted into how EGFR family members regulate response to chemoradiation in bladder cancer and their potential therapeutic implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-317
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Bladder cancer
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor
  • Her-2
  • Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation

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