Costimulation was originally defined and characterized during primary T cell activation. The signaling events that regulate subsequent antigen encounters by T cells are less well defined. In this study we examined the role of CD30 in T cell activation and defined factors that regulate expression of CD30 on T cells. We demonstrate that CD30 expression is restricted to activated T cells and regulated by CD28 signal transduction. In contrast to CD28-expressing TCR Tg cells, CD28-deficient TCR Tg cells did not express CD30 when cultured with peptide and APCs. However, rIL-4 reconstituted CD30 expression on CD28-deficient TCR Tg cells. Blockade of CD28 interactions or depletion of IL-4 inhibited the induction of CD30, suggesting that both CD28 and IL-4 play important roles in the induction of CD30 expression on wild-type cells. However, CD28 signaling did not up- regulate CD30 expression solely through its ability to augment IL-4 production because IL-4-deficient T cells stimulated with anti-CD3 and anti- CD28 expressed CD30. Induction of CD30 in the absence of IL-4 was not due to the IL-4-related cytokine IL-13. CD30, when expressed on an activated T cell, can act as a signal transducing receptor that enhances the proliferation of T cells responding to CD3 crosslinking. Collectively, the data suggest that T cell expression of CD30 is dependent on the presence of CD28 costimulatory signals or exogenous IL-4 during primary T cell activation. Once expressed on the cell surface, CD30 can serve as a positive regulator of mature T cell function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy