Infection of immune cells with HIV induces dysregulation of cytokines which may play a vital role in HIV pathogenesis. We analysed the expression of T helper type 1 (Th1) (interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)) and Th2 (IL-4, IL-10) type cytokines in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) from HIV+ patients. The semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis revealed that IFN-γ mRNA in unstimulated PBL was significantly decreased and IL-10 mRNA was significantly upregulated in patients with < 400 CD4+ T cells/mm3 (n = 30) as compared to patients with > 400 CD4+ T cells/mm3 (n = 6) and normal controls (n = 16). In addition, IL-10 mRNA levels were inversely associated with IFN-γ expression. Similar results were obtained by measuring IL-10 production in the supernatants of PBL cultured in vitro without stimulation by employing an enzyme immunosorbent assay (ELISA). However, the levels of IL-4 and IFN-γ produced by unstimulated PBL were undetectable by ELISA. Mitogen stimulation of PBL revealed two groups of HIV+ individuals based on IL-10 production. PBL from one set of individuals produced low levels of IL-10 (low IL-10 producers) whereas the other group produced IL-10 comparable to that of normal controls (IL-10 producers). Production of IL-4 was significantly reduced in HIV+ individuals with < 400 CD4+ T cells/mm3 as compared to the normal controls. However, ability to produce IFN-γ by mitogen-stimulated total PBL and CD4+ purified cells was not impaired in HIV+ individuals. These results suggest that unstimulated and mitogen-stimulated PBL of HIV+ individuals exhibit dysregulation of Th2 type cytokines which may play a role in HIV immunopathogenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy