Expressed emotion and interdependence in White and Latino/Hispanic family members of patients with schizophrenia

Amy G. Weisman de Mamani, Jennifer A. Kymalainen, Grace A. Rosales, Jorge C. Armesto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


This study examined associations among ethnicity, expressed emotion (EE) and interdependence in a sample of 41 Latino/Hispanic and White family members of patients with schizophrenia. EE was assessed using both the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) and the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS). These measures were found to be highly concordant for rating EE. However, the CFI appears to identify high EE more often than does the FMSS. Whites were designated as high EE significantly more often than were Latinos/Hispanics, regardless of assessment method. Using the interdependence subscale of the Self-Construal Scale, we found a strong trend for Latino/Hispanics to report a more interdependent self-construal than did Whites. However, contrary to expectations, interdependence was not found to mediate the relationship between ethnicity and EE. EE and interdependence may both play a role in the better course of illness observed for patients from traditional cultures. However, these two constructs may relate to patient functioning through different mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - May 30 2007


  • Ethnicity
  • Expressed emotion
  • Family
  • Interdependence
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)


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