Exposure to Vinyl Chloride and Its Influence on Western Diet-Induced Cardiac Remodeling

Yaqin Liang, Anna L. Lang, Jian Zhang, Jing Chen, Kai Wang, Liya Chen, Juliane I. Beier, Yan Qian, Lu Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obesity, usually caused by high fat diets (HFD), is a major public health issue worldwide, causing obesity associated cardiomyopathy. Moreover, the environmental toxicant vinyl chloride (VC) can exacerbate HFD-induced fatty liver disease. However, whether VC serves to enhance obesity-associated cardiomyopathy remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the interaction of western diet (WD) containing relatively low fat (42%) with VC on cardiac remodeling and its underling mechanisms. Adult male C57BL/6J mice were exposed to WD coinhalation of low-dose VC (<1 ppm/d) for 12 weeks. Results showed that WD feeding for 12 weeks caused slight cardiac systolic dysfunction without significant hypertrophy or fibrosis, even with VC. Nevertheless, WD upregulated NF-κB function and expression of IL-1β and PAI-1, while VC showed no significant impact on these effects. In contrast, WD together with VC significantly increased the expression of CHOP and TGF-β1, key markers for endoplasmic reticulum stress and profibrotic cytokine, respectively. In summary, exposure to low-dose of environmental toxicant VC while a WD is consumed for a relatively short time does not have significant impact on cardiac remodeling except for a mild systolic dysfunction of the heart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)482-493
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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