Exposure to terrorism, stress-related mental health symptoms, and defensive coping among Jews and Arabs in Israel

Stevan E. Hobfoll, Daphna Canetti-Nisim, Robert Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

214 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors conducted a large-scale study of terrorism in Israel via telephone surveys in September 2003 with 905 adult Jewish and Palestinian citizens of Israel (PCIs). Structural equation path modeling indicated that exposure to terrorism was significantly related to greater loss and gain of psychosocial resources and to greater posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms. Psychosocial resource loss and gain associated with terrorism were, in turn, significantly related to both greater PTSD and depressive symptoms. PCIs had significantly higher levels of PTSD and depressive symptoms than Jews. Further, PTSD symptoms in particular were related to greater authoritarian beliefs and ethnocentrism, suggesting how PTSD may lead to a self-protective style of defensive coping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-218
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

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Terrorism
Jews
Israel
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Mental Health
Depression
Telephone

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Political violence
  • PTSD
  • Resiliency
  • Terrorism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Exposure to terrorism, stress-related mental health symptoms, and defensive coping among Jews and Arabs in Israel. / Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Canetti-Nisim, Daphna; Johnson, Robert.

In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 74, No. 2, 04.2006, p. 207-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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