Exploring the relationship between computer proficiency and computer use over time in the PRISM trial

Walter R. Boot, Joseph Sharit, Sara J Czaja, Neil Charness, Wendy A. Rogers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The aim of the PRISM trial was to examine the potential benefits of a Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) computer system on the well-being and perceived social support of an older adult sample at risk for social isolation. Participants (N = 300) were randomly assigned to receive the PRISM system, which was designed to support social connections, information gathering, prospective memory, and access to local and national resources, or a binder that contained similar information. The intervention lasted one year, and the computer usage of the PRISM group was monitored. This trial represented a unique opportunity to explore potential barriers to the adoption and continued use of information and communications technologies. Specifically, this paper explored the relationship between computer proficiency and use of the PRISM system over time. Contrary to what one might predict, participants with initially low proficiency used the system more over the course of the trial (r(123) = −.22, p <.05). The fact that even those with the lowest levels or proficiency were able to become among the most active PRISM users may reflect that the system was designed well for older adult computer novices (the intended target of the intervention). Over the course of the trial, participants assigned to the PRISM condition improved substantially in their computer proficiency. Increased computer proficiency from baseline to 12 months was a much strong predictor of system use (r(123) =.53, p <.001), possibly reflecting increased proficiency as a result of greater use over time. Overall, data suggest a complex relationship between computer use, computer proficiency, and changes in computer proficiency over time worthy of additional exploration to further understand the effects of, and barriers to, the use of information and communications technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHuman Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Healthy and Active Aging - 2nd International Conference, ITAP 2016 and Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages300-307
Number of pages8
Volume9755
ISBN (Print)9783319399485
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Event2nd International Conference on Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population, ITAP 2016 and held as a part of 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2016 - Toronto, Canada
Duration: Jul 17 2016Jul 22 2016

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume9755
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349

Other

Other2nd International Conference on Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population, ITAP 2016 and held as a part of 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2016
CountryCanada
CityToronto
Period7/17/167/22/16

Fingerprint

Information and Communication Technology
Relationships
Communication
Binders
Isolation
Computer systems
Predictors
Baseline
Lowest
Data storage equipment
Predict
Resources
Target

Keywords

  • Computer proficiency
  • Older adults
  • Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

Boot, W. R., Sharit, J., Czaja, S. J., Charness, N., & Rogers, W. A. (2016). Exploring the relationship between computer proficiency and computer use over time in the PRISM trial. In Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Healthy and Active Aging - 2nd International Conference, ITAP 2016 and Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 9755, pp. 300-307). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 9755). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39949-2_29

Exploring the relationship between computer proficiency and computer use over time in the PRISM trial. / Boot, Walter R.; Sharit, Joseph; Czaja, Sara J; Charness, Neil; Rogers, Wendy A.

Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Healthy and Active Aging - 2nd International Conference, ITAP 2016 and Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 9755 Springer Verlag, 2016. p. 300-307 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 9755).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Boot, WR, Sharit, J, Czaja, SJ, Charness, N & Rogers, WA 2016, Exploring the relationship between computer proficiency and computer use over time in the PRISM trial. in Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Healthy and Active Aging - 2nd International Conference, ITAP 2016 and Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Proceedings. vol. 9755, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 9755, Springer Verlag, pp. 300-307, 2nd International Conference on Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population, ITAP 2016 and held as a part of 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2016, Toronto, Canada, 7/17/16. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39949-2_29
Boot WR, Sharit J, Czaja SJ, Charness N, Rogers WA. Exploring the relationship between computer proficiency and computer use over time in the PRISM trial. In Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Healthy and Active Aging - 2nd International Conference, ITAP 2016 and Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 9755. Springer Verlag. 2016. p. 300-307. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39949-2_29
Boot, Walter R. ; Sharit, Joseph ; Czaja, Sara J ; Charness, Neil ; Rogers, Wendy A. / Exploring the relationship between computer proficiency and computer use over time in the PRISM trial. Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Healthy and Active Aging - 2nd International Conference, ITAP 2016 and Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 9755 Springer Verlag, 2016. pp. 300-307 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
@inproceedings{0db3d8b52f514ec3ab36751cfe8e503e,
title = "Exploring the relationship between computer proficiency and computer use over time in the PRISM trial",
abstract = "The aim of the PRISM trial was to examine the potential benefits of a Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) computer system on the well-being and perceived social support of an older adult sample at risk for social isolation. Participants (N = 300) were randomly assigned to receive the PRISM system, which was designed to support social connections, information gathering, prospective memory, and access to local and national resources, or a binder that contained similar information. The intervention lasted one year, and the computer usage of the PRISM group was monitored. This trial represented a unique opportunity to explore potential barriers to the adoption and continued use of information and communications technologies. Specifically, this paper explored the relationship between computer proficiency and use of the PRISM system over time. Contrary to what one might predict, participants with initially low proficiency used the system more over the course of the trial (r(123) = −.22, p <.05). The fact that even those with the lowest levels or proficiency were able to become among the most active PRISM users may reflect that the system was designed well for older adult computer novices (the intended target of the intervention). Over the course of the trial, participants assigned to the PRISM condition improved substantially in their computer proficiency. Increased computer proficiency from baseline to 12 months was a much strong predictor of system use (r(123) =.53, p <.001), possibly reflecting increased proficiency as a result of greater use over time. Overall, data suggest a complex relationship between computer use, computer proficiency, and changes in computer proficiency over time worthy of additional exploration to further understand the effects of, and barriers to, the use of information and communications technologies.",
keywords = "Computer proficiency, Older adults, Technology",
author = "Boot, {Walter R.} and Joseph Sharit and Czaja, {Sara J} and Neil Charness and Rogers, {Wendy A.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-39949-2_29",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9783319399485",
volume = "9755",
series = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
pages = "300--307",
booktitle = "Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Healthy and Active Aging - 2nd International Conference, ITAP 2016 and Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Proceedings",
address = "Germany",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Exploring the relationship between computer proficiency and computer use over time in the PRISM trial

AU - Boot, Walter R.

AU - Sharit, Joseph

AU - Czaja, Sara J

AU - Charness, Neil

AU - Rogers, Wendy A.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The aim of the PRISM trial was to examine the potential benefits of a Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) computer system on the well-being and perceived social support of an older adult sample at risk for social isolation. Participants (N = 300) were randomly assigned to receive the PRISM system, which was designed to support social connections, information gathering, prospective memory, and access to local and national resources, or a binder that contained similar information. The intervention lasted one year, and the computer usage of the PRISM group was monitored. This trial represented a unique opportunity to explore potential barriers to the adoption and continued use of information and communications technologies. Specifically, this paper explored the relationship between computer proficiency and use of the PRISM system over time. Contrary to what one might predict, participants with initially low proficiency used the system more over the course of the trial (r(123) = −.22, p <.05). The fact that even those with the lowest levels or proficiency were able to become among the most active PRISM users may reflect that the system was designed well for older adult computer novices (the intended target of the intervention). Over the course of the trial, participants assigned to the PRISM condition improved substantially in their computer proficiency. Increased computer proficiency from baseline to 12 months was a much strong predictor of system use (r(123) =.53, p <.001), possibly reflecting increased proficiency as a result of greater use over time. Overall, data suggest a complex relationship between computer use, computer proficiency, and changes in computer proficiency over time worthy of additional exploration to further understand the effects of, and barriers to, the use of information and communications technologies.

AB - The aim of the PRISM trial was to examine the potential benefits of a Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) computer system on the well-being and perceived social support of an older adult sample at risk for social isolation. Participants (N = 300) were randomly assigned to receive the PRISM system, which was designed to support social connections, information gathering, prospective memory, and access to local and national resources, or a binder that contained similar information. The intervention lasted one year, and the computer usage of the PRISM group was monitored. This trial represented a unique opportunity to explore potential barriers to the adoption and continued use of information and communications technologies. Specifically, this paper explored the relationship between computer proficiency and use of the PRISM system over time. Contrary to what one might predict, participants with initially low proficiency used the system more over the course of the trial (r(123) = −.22, p <.05). The fact that even those with the lowest levels or proficiency were able to become among the most active PRISM users may reflect that the system was designed well for older adult computer novices (the intended target of the intervention). Over the course of the trial, participants assigned to the PRISM condition improved substantially in their computer proficiency. Increased computer proficiency from baseline to 12 months was a much strong predictor of system use (r(123) =.53, p <.001), possibly reflecting increased proficiency as a result of greater use over time. Overall, data suggest a complex relationship between computer use, computer proficiency, and changes in computer proficiency over time worthy of additional exploration to further understand the effects of, and barriers to, the use of information and communications technologies.

KW - Computer proficiency

KW - Older adults

KW - Technology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84978245181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84978245181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-39949-2_29

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-39949-2_29

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84978245181

SN - 9783319399485

VL - 9755

T3 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

SP - 300

EP - 307

BT - Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Healthy and Active Aging - 2nd International Conference, ITAP 2016 and Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Proceedings

PB - Springer Verlag

ER -