Exploring the Masculine Identity in the Context of HIV Prevention in Chile

Lilian Ferrer, Rosina Cianelli, Natalia Villegas, Reiley Reed, Margarita Bernales, Paula Repetto, Theodore Hufstader, Loreto Lara, Lisette Irarrázabal, Nilda Peragallo-Montano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study aims to describe human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related knowledge and beliefs, as well as understanding attitudes towards masculinity in the context of HIV prevention, held among Chilean men. Design: This study reports the qualitative findings of a sequential qualitative-quantitative mixed methodology study: Bringing men into HIV Prevention in Chile, NIH R01 TW007674-03. Methods: Twenty in-depth interviews using a qualitative, descriptive approach to elicit information for the study were conducted among men residing in two communities of low socio-economic status in Santiago, Chile. Findings: Content analysis of interviews revealed three main themes regarding machismo and how it relates to HIV: sexuality and machismo, the changing nature of machismo, and violence against women. Conclusions: Addressing HIV and intimate partner violence through developing education programs tailored to meet the needs of Chilean men are needed to include men in HIV prevention efforts. Clinical Relevance: Specifically, incorporating ideas of what men consider healthy masculinity and working to destigmatize men who have sex with men are important steps in addressing the negative aspects of machismo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-138
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nursing Scholarship
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • Hispanic
  • Machismo
  • Masculinity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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