Exploring the impact of mindfulness meditation training in pre-licensure and post graduate nurses

Jill S Sanko, Mary Mckay, Scott Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The complex, high stress, technologically laden healthcare environment compromises providers' ability to be fully present in the moment; especially during patient interactions. This “pulling away” of attention (mindlessness) from the present moment creates an environment where decision making can take place in the absence of thoughtful, deliberate engagement in the task at hand. Mindfulness, can be cultivated through a variety of mindfulness practices. Few schools of nursing or hospitals offer mindfulness training, despite study findings supporting its effectiveness in improving levels of mindfulness, and perceived connections with patients and families. Methods A mindfulness program developed for this study and tailored to nursing was used to provide the mindfulness training. Pre and post training assessments were completed and included administration of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) and the Defining Issues Test (DIT) of moral judgment version 2. Results A statistically significant improvement in the FMI scores p = 0.003 was found. The pre-licensure group did not show a statistically significant improvement in their FMI scores pre to post training (p = 0.281), however the post graduate group did (p = 0.004). Statistically significant pre - post scores were found in two schemas of the DIT-2 (P [Post conventional] score, p = 0.039 and N2 [Maintaining norms] score, p = 0.032). Conclusions Mindfulness training improves mindfulness and some aspects of ethical decision making in the groups studied as part of this project. The findings of this study are promising and further demonstrate the merits of a mindfulness practice, however aspects of mindfulness training would need to be addressed prior to launching a full scale attempt to incorporate this into a work life or some other quality improvement program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-147
Number of pages6
JournalNurse Education Today
Volume45
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Fingerprint

Mindfulness
Meditation
meditation
Licensure
nurse
Nurses
graduate
nursing
training offer
decision making
moral judgement
Group
compromise
Equipment and Supplies
Decision Making
present
ability
interaction
School Nursing
school

Keywords

  • Mindfulness
  • Mindfulness meditation training
  • Nursing
  • Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Exploring the impact of mindfulness meditation training in pre-licensure and post graduate nurses. / Sanko, Jill S; Mckay, Mary; Rogers, Scott.

In: Nurse Education Today, Vol. 45, 01.10.2016, p. 142-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0ac3cae10b00460991a685ad626a3df6,
title = "Exploring the impact of mindfulness meditation training in pre-licensure and post graduate nurses",
abstract = "The complex, high stress, technologically laden healthcare environment compromises providers' ability to be fully present in the moment; especially during patient interactions. This “pulling away” of attention (mindlessness) from the present moment creates an environment where decision making can take place in the absence of thoughtful, deliberate engagement in the task at hand. Mindfulness, can be cultivated through a variety of mindfulness practices. Few schools of nursing or hospitals offer mindfulness training, despite study findings supporting its effectiveness in improving levels of mindfulness, and perceived connections with patients and families. Methods A mindfulness program developed for this study and tailored to nursing was used to provide the mindfulness training. Pre and post training assessments were completed and included administration of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) and the Defining Issues Test (DIT) of moral judgment version 2. Results A statistically significant improvement in the FMI scores p = 0.003 was found. The pre-licensure group did not show a statistically significant improvement in their FMI scores pre to post training (p = 0.281), however the post graduate group did (p = 0.004). Statistically significant pre - post scores were found in two schemas of the DIT-2 (P [Post conventional] score, p = 0.039 and N2 [Maintaining norms] score, p = 0.032). Conclusions Mindfulness training improves mindfulness and some aspects of ethical decision making in the groups studied as part of this project. The findings of this study are promising and further demonstrate the merits of a mindfulness practice, however aspects of mindfulness training would need to be addressed prior to launching a full scale attempt to incorporate this into a work life or some other quality improvement program.",
keywords = "Mindfulness, Mindfulness meditation training, Nursing, Students",
author = "Sanko, {Jill S} and Mary Mckay and Scott Rogers",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.nedt.2016.07.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "142--147",
journal = "Nurse Education Today",
issn = "0260-6917",
publisher = "Churchill Livingstone",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploring the impact of mindfulness meditation training in pre-licensure and post graduate nurses

AU - Sanko, Jill S

AU - Mckay, Mary

AU - Rogers, Scott

PY - 2016/10/1

Y1 - 2016/10/1

N2 - The complex, high stress, technologically laden healthcare environment compromises providers' ability to be fully present in the moment; especially during patient interactions. This “pulling away” of attention (mindlessness) from the present moment creates an environment where decision making can take place in the absence of thoughtful, deliberate engagement in the task at hand. Mindfulness, can be cultivated through a variety of mindfulness practices. Few schools of nursing or hospitals offer mindfulness training, despite study findings supporting its effectiveness in improving levels of mindfulness, and perceived connections with patients and families. Methods A mindfulness program developed for this study and tailored to nursing was used to provide the mindfulness training. Pre and post training assessments were completed and included administration of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) and the Defining Issues Test (DIT) of moral judgment version 2. Results A statistically significant improvement in the FMI scores p = 0.003 was found. The pre-licensure group did not show a statistically significant improvement in their FMI scores pre to post training (p = 0.281), however the post graduate group did (p = 0.004). Statistically significant pre - post scores were found in two schemas of the DIT-2 (P [Post conventional] score, p = 0.039 and N2 [Maintaining norms] score, p = 0.032). Conclusions Mindfulness training improves mindfulness and some aspects of ethical decision making in the groups studied as part of this project. The findings of this study are promising and further demonstrate the merits of a mindfulness practice, however aspects of mindfulness training would need to be addressed prior to launching a full scale attempt to incorporate this into a work life or some other quality improvement program.

AB - The complex, high stress, technologically laden healthcare environment compromises providers' ability to be fully present in the moment; especially during patient interactions. This “pulling away” of attention (mindlessness) from the present moment creates an environment where decision making can take place in the absence of thoughtful, deliberate engagement in the task at hand. Mindfulness, can be cultivated through a variety of mindfulness practices. Few schools of nursing or hospitals offer mindfulness training, despite study findings supporting its effectiveness in improving levels of mindfulness, and perceived connections with patients and families. Methods A mindfulness program developed for this study and tailored to nursing was used to provide the mindfulness training. Pre and post training assessments were completed and included administration of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) and the Defining Issues Test (DIT) of moral judgment version 2. Results A statistically significant improvement in the FMI scores p = 0.003 was found. The pre-licensure group did not show a statistically significant improvement in their FMI scores pre to post training (p = 0.281), however the post graduate group did (p = 0.004). Statistically significant pre - post scores were found in two schemas of the DIT-2 (P [Post conventional] score, p = 0.039 and N2 [Maintaining norms] score, p = 0.032). Conclusions Mindfulness training improves mindfulness and some aspects of ethical decision making in the groups studied as part of this project. The findings of this study are promising and further demonstrate the merits of a mindfulness practice, however aspects of mindfulness training would need to be addressed prior to launching a full scale attempt to incorporate this into a work life or some other quality improvement program.

KW - Mindfulness

KW - Mindfulness meditation training

KW - Nursing

KW - Students

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84979583969&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84979583969&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nedt.2016.07.006

DO - 10.1016/j.nedt.2016.07.006

M3 - Article

C2 - 27478890

AN - SCOPUS:84979583969

VL - 45

SP - 142

EP - 147

JO - Nurse Education Today

JF - Nurse Education Today

SN - 0260-6917

ER -