Exploratory subsetting of autism families based on savant skills improves evidence of genetic linkage to 15q11-q13

Erika L. Nurmi, Michael Dowd, Ovsanna Tadevosyan-Leyfer, Jonathan L. Haines, Susan E. Folstein, James S. Sutcliffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Autism displays a remarkably high heritability but a complex genetic etiology. One approach to identifying susceptibility loci under these conditions is to define more homogeneous subsets of families on the basis of genetically relevant phenotypic or biological characteristics that vary from case to case. Method: The authors performed a principal components analysis, using items from the Autism Diagnostic Interview, which resulted in six clusters of variables, five of which showed significant sib-sib correlation. The utility of these phenotypic subsets was tested in an exploratory genetic analysis of the autism candidate region on chromosome 15q11-q13. Results: When the Collaborative Linkage Study of Autism sample was divided, on the basis of mean proband score for the "savant skills" cluster, the heterogeneity logarithm of the odds under a recessive model at D15S511, within the GABRB3 gene, increased from 0.6 to 2.6 in the subset of families in which probands had greater savant skills. Conclusions: These data are consistent with the genetic contribution of a 15q locus to autism susceptibility in a subset of affected individuals exhibiting savant skills. Similar types of skills have been noted in individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome, which results from deletions of this chromosomal region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)856-863
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2003

Keywords

  • γ-aminobutyric acid receptor
  • Autism
  • Linkage
  • Savant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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