The use and evolution of oral anticoagulation therapies continue to advance for multiple reasons, including a growing segment of older patients with associated chronic prothrombotic illnesses including cardiovascular, pulmonary, hematologic and oncologic conditions. Correlated to this increased use of oral anticoagulants is bleeding complications associated with their use. Based on these trends, it is expected that perioperative physicians will be facing more and more of these patients requiring scheduled, urgent or emergent surgical procedures During May 2020, the American College of Cardiology updated its Expert Consensus Decision Pathway devoted to the approach of bleeding in patients on oral anticoagulants. This updated version emphasized the expanding role of the direct-acting oral anticoagulants in other conditions beyond nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, such as venous thromboembolism. Several details discussed within this most recent update are pertinent to perioperative physicians, who frequently deal with bleeding in the setting of anticoagulation. The purpose of this narrative review is to highlight and expand on these salient points because they relate to perioperative management.
- anticoagulant agents
- expert consensus
- perioperative care
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine