Experimental and clinical radiofrequency ablation: Proposal for standardized description of coagulation size and geometry

Stefaan Mulier, Yicheng Ni, Lars Frich, Fernando Burdio, Alban L. Denys, Jean François De Wispelaere, Benoît Dupas, Nagy Habib, Michael Hoey, Maarten C. Jansen, Marc Lacrosse, Raymond Leveillee, Yi Miao, Peter Mulier, Didier Mutter, Kelvin K. Ng, Roberto Santambrogio, Dirk Stippel, Katsuyoshi Tamaki, Thomas M. Van GulikGuy Marchal, Luc Michel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Background: Radiofrequency (RF) ablation is used to obtain local control of unresectable tumors in liver, kidney, prostate, and other organs. Accurate data on expected size and geometry of coagulation zones are essential for physicians to prevent collateral damage and local tumor recurrence. The aim of this study was to develop a standardized terminology to describe the size and geometry of these zones for experimental and clinical RF. Methods: In a first step, the essential geometric parameters to accurately describe the coagulation zones and the spatial relationship between the coagulation zones and the electrodes were defined. In a second step, standard terms were assigned to each parameter. Results: The proposed terms for single-electrode RF ablation include axial diameter, front margin, coagulation center, maximal and minimal radius, maximal and minimal transverse diameter, ellipticity index, and regularity index. In addition a subjective description of the general shape and regularity is recommended. Conclusions: Adoption of the proposed standardized description method may help to fill in the many gaps in our current knowledge of the size and geometry of RF coagulation zones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1381-1396
Number of pages16
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2007


  • Geometry
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Size
  • Tumor ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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