Experience of Adult Facilitators in a Virtual-Reality-Based Social Interaction Program for Children With Autism

Fengfeng Ke, Tami Im, Xinrong Xue, Xinhao Xu, Nam Ju Kim, Sungwoong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


This phenomenological study explored and described the experiences and perceptions of adult facilitators who facilitated virtual-reality-based social interaction for children with autism. Extensive data were collected from iterative, in-depth interviews; online activities observation; and video analysis. Four salient themes emerged through the process of data generation, analysis, and comparison of participants: heterogeneity in group-based facilitation, coexistence of virtual and physical interaction spaces, sparkle and out-of-track moments, and pretraining for individualized facilitation. The findings should enrich the research area of technology-enhanced special education by delineating the dynamic processes and patterns of facilitating Internet-based social interactions for children with special needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-300
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Special Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes



  • autism
  • social interaction training
  • special education needs
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation

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