Exercise research on children and adolescents

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper is a review of studies published during the last several years on exercise effects on overweight, growth, chronic illnesses, depression and anxiety in children and adolescents. Although the lion's share of the research involves aerobic exercise, studies on yoga and tai chi are also reviewed. Following exercise, body mass index and lipid profiles have improved in overweight children, and those with asthma, diabetes and depression have also benefited from exercise. The yoga studies reviewed here focused on ADHD and anxiety, and the tai chi studies involved children with ADHD and asthma.A potential underlying mechanism for the positive effects of exercise, yoga and tai chi may be the stimulation of pressure receptors leading to increased vagal activity, decreased stress hormones and increased production of anti-pain and antidepressant neurotransmitters such as serotonin. Further studies are needed using convergent behavioral, physiological and biochemical measures. Nonetheless, the current literature highlights the importance of adding exercise programs to clinics, schools and families for the physical and psychological well-being of children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-59
Number of pages6
JournalComplementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Fingerprint

Tai Ji
Exercise
Yoga
Research
Asthma
Anxiety
Depression
Child Welfare
Antidepressive Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease
Hormones
Psychology
Lipids
Pressure
Pain
Growth

Keywords

  • Children
  • Depression
  • Overweight
  • Physical exercise
  • Tai chi
  • Yoga

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

Exercise research on children and adolescents. / Field, Tiffany M.

In: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, Vol. 18, No. 1, 01.02.2012, p. 54-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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