Excess free energies of interaction of chlorophyll a with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol and phytol a mixed monolayer study

Pierre Tancrède, Gaétan Munger, Roger M. Leblanc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The surface pressure isotherms of chlorophyll a, monogalactosyldiacylglycerol and phytol at the air-water interface were studied on a Langmuir trough at 20.0±0.5°C. The subphase was a phosphate buffer, 10-3 M at pH 8.0. The extrapolated limiting areas per molecule are 115, 82 and 38 Å2/molecule, respectively. The isotherms of eight mixtures of chlorophyll a with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol and eight mixtures of chlorophyll a with phytol, covering in both cases the whole range of molar fractions have also been measured. The results for the mixed monolayers were analysed in terms of the additivity rule. They show that a small negative deviation with respect to ideality is observed upon mixing chlorophyll a with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol. However, chlorophyll a forms an ideal two-dimensional solution when mixed with phytol. The excess free energies of mixing of chlorophyll a with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol as a function of concentration were calculated from the surface pressure isotherms at 10, 15, 20 and 25 mN·m-1. The values are negative, reflecting the interaction prevailing between these components in the monolayers. For the four surface pressures studied, the excess free energies are symmetrical with respect to the mode fraction. The values for an equimolar mixture range from -300 to -540 J·mol-1 at 10 and 25 mN·m-1, respectively. A comparison between the thermodynamics of mixing of chlorophyll a with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol and phytol suggests that the polar head of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol together with the polar groups of chlorophyll a are probably involved in the interaction. However, this does not completely rule out the possibility that structural effects due to a different packing of chlorophyll a with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol and phytol may also be involved. Furthermore it is shown that the small interactions between these constituents are not inconsistent with the specific coupling existing between the apoprotein of the chlorophyll a-protein complexes and chlorophyll a.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-54
Number of pages10
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume689
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 14 1982
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chlorophyll a
  • Free energy calculation
  • Mixed monolayer
  • Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol
  • Phytol
  • Surface pressure isotherm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Excess free energies of interaction of chlorophyll a with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol and phytol a mixed monolayer study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this