Examining the temporal order of ethnic identity and perceived discrimination among hispanic immigrant adolescents

Melinda A. Gonzales-Backen, Alan Meca, Elma I. Lorenzo-Blanco, Sabrina E. Des Rosiers, David Córdova, Daniel W. Soto, Miguel ángel Cano, Assaf Oshri, Byron L. Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Seth J. Schwartz, José Szapocznik, Jennifer B. Unger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ethnic identity formation is a central developmental task that can become challenging when adolescents face a salient stressor, such as ethnic discrimination. Although ethnic identity and experiences with ethnic discrimination are thought to be associated, the temporal order of these constructs is unclear. In the current study, we examined (a) the rejection-identification model and (b) the identification-attribution model in a longitudinal, cross-lagged model among 302 Hispanic immigrant adolescents (Mage = 14.51, SD = .88 at baseline; 46.7% female) living in Miami (n = 152) and Los Angeles (n = 150). Results support the identification-attribution model such that adolescents who reported higher levels of ethnic identity exploration reported higher levels of perceived discrimination 1 year later. Conversely, adolescents who reported higher levels of ethnic identity belonging reported less subsequent perceived discrimination. Findings suggest that ethnic identity formation may affect the recognition of ethnic discrimination among Hispanic immigrant adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)929-937
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Ethnic identity
  • Ethnic perceived discrimination
  • Hispanic immigrants
  • Longitudinal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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    Gonzales-Backen, M. A., Meca, A., Lorenzo-Blanco, E. I., Des Rosiers, S. E., Córdova, D., Soto, D. W., Cano, M. Á., Oshri, A., Zamboanga, B. L., Baezconde-Garbanati, L., Schwartz, S. J., Szapocznik, J., & Unger, J. B. (2018). Examining the temporal order of ethnic identity and perceived discrimination among hispanic immigrant adolescents. Developmental psychology, 54(5), 929-937. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000465