Examining the Role of Cloud Radiative Interactions in Tropical Cyclone Development Using Satellite Measurements and WRF Simulations

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Abstract

This study examines the role of cloud-radiative interactions in the development of tropical cyclones using satellite measurements and model simulations. Previous modeling studies have found that the enhanced cloud radiative heating from longwave radiation in the convective region plays a key role in promoting the development of tropical convective systems. Here, we use satellite measurements and Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) simulations to further investigate how critical cloud radiative interactions are to the development of tropical cyclones (TCs). Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System measurements show that intensifying TCs have greater radiative heating from clouds within the TC area than weakening ones. Based on this result, idealized WRF simulations are performed to examine the importance of the enhanced radiative heating to TC intensification. Sensitivity experiments demonstrate that removing cloud-radiative interactions often inhibits tropical cyclogenesis, suggesting that cloud-radiative interactions play a critical role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021GL093259
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume48
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 16 2021

Keywords

  • cloud
  • cloud-radiative heating
  • hurricane
  • radiation
  • tropical cyclone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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