Examining First- and Second-Order Factor Structures for News Credibility

Robert N. Yale, Jakob D. Jensen, Nick Carcioppolo, Ye Sun, Miao Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The construct of news credibility has been of interest to communication scholars for decades, yet researchers have struggled to develop a measure of news credibility that demonstrates a reliable factor structure and construct validity. This study uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and discriminant analysis to evaluate Abdulla and colleagues’ (2004) measure of news credibility. Results indicate that although the factor structure of the measure is replicable, the measure exhibits significant concerns related to discriminant validity. A revised measurement model employing a second-order factor for the news credibility scale that eliminates the discriminant validity concerns is proposed, and the implications of second-order factors in measurement models are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-169
Number of pages18
JournalCommunication Methods and Measures
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication


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