Examination of Substance Use, Risk Factors, and Protective Factors on Student Academic Test Score Performance

Michael W. Arthur, Eric C Brown, John S. Briney, J. David Hawkins, Robert D. Abbott, Richard F. Catalano, Linda Becker, Michael Langer, Martin T. Mueller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: School administrators and teachers face difficult decisions about how best to use school resources to meet academic achievement goals. Many are hesitant to adopt prevention curricula that are not focused directly on academic achievement. Yet, some have hypothesized that prevention curricula can remove barriers to learning and, thus, promote achievement. We examined relationships among school levels of student substance use and risk and protective factors that predict adolescent problem behaviors and achievement test performance. METHODS: Hierarchical generalized linear models were used to predict associations involving school-averaged levels of substance use and risk and protective factors and students' likelihood of meeting achievement test standards on the Washington Assessment of Student Learning, statistically controlling for demographic and economic factors known to be associated with achievement. RESULTS: Levels of substance use and risk/protective factors predicted the academic test score performance of students. Many of these effects remained significant even after controlling for model covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Implementing prevention programs that target empirically identified risk and protective factors has the potential to have a favorable effect on students' academic achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-507
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of School Health
Volume85
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Fingerprint

Students
examination
academic achievement
performance
achievement test
student
school
Curriculum
curriculum
demographic factors
Learning
linear model
economic factors
learning
Adolescent Behavior
Protective Factors
Risk Factors
Substance Use
Test Scores
Administrative Personnel

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Protective factor
  • Risk factor
  • Test scores, prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Arthur, M. W., Brown, E. C., Briney, J. S., Hawkins, J. D., Abbott, R. D., Catalano, R. F., ... Mueller, M. T. (2015). Examination of Substance Use, Risk Factors, and Protective Factors on Student Academic Test Score Performance. Journal of School Health, 85(8), 497-507. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12279

Examination of Substance Use, Risk Factors, and Protective Factors on Student Academic Test Score Performance. / Arthur, Michael W.; Brown, Eric C; Briney, John S.; Hawkins, J. David; Abbott, Robert D.; Catalano, Richard F.; Becker, Linda; Langer, Michael; Mueller, Martin T.

In: Journal of School Health, Vol. 85, No. 8, 01.08.2015, p. 497-507.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arthur, MW, Brown, EC, Briney, JS, Hawkins, JD, Abbott, RD, Catalano, RF, Becker, L, Langer, M & Mueller, MT 2015, 'Examination of Substance Use, Risk Factors, and Protective Factors on Student Academic Test Score Performance', Journal of School Health, vol. 85, no. 8, pp. 497-507. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12279
Arthur, Michael W. ; Brown, Eric C ; Briney, John S. ; Hawkins, J. David ; Abbott, Robert D. ; Catalano, Richard F. ; Becker, Linda ; Langer, Michael ; Mueller, Martin T. / Examination of Substance Use, Risk Factors, and Protective Factors on Student Academic Test Score Performance. In: Journal of School Health. 2015 ; Vol. 85, No. 8. pp. 497-507.
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