Evidence for large decadal variability in the tropical mean radiative energy budget

Bruce A. Wielicki, Takmeng Wong, Richard P. Allan, Anthony Slingo, Jeffrey T. Kiehl, Brian J. Soden, C. T. Gordon, Alvin J. Miller, Shi Keng Yang, David A. Randall, Franklin Robertson, Joel Susskind, Herbert Jacobowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

295 Scopus citations


It is widely assumed that variations in Earth's radiative energy budget at large time and space scales are small. We present new evidence from a compilation of over two decades of accurate satellite data that the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) tropical radiative energy budget is much more dynamic and variable than previously thought. Results indicate that the radiation budget changes are caused by changes in tropical mean cloudiness. The results of several current climate model simulations fail to predict this large observed variation in tropical energy budget. The missing variability in the models highlights the critical need to improve cloud modeling in the tropics so that prediction of tropical climate on interannual and decadal time scales can be improved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)841-844
Number of pages4
Issue number5556
StatePublished - Feb 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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