Traumatic brain injury (TBI) places enormous early energy demand on brain tissue to reinstate normal ionic balance. Glucose declines and lactate increases after TBI as demonstrated in clinical and lab studies, suggesting increased glycolysis. This led us to hypothesize that high extracellular fluid (ECF) lactate may be beneficial after TBI. We measured cerebral dialysate lactate and glucose, and arterial lactate and glucose, before & after rat Fluid Percussion Injury (FPI) (2.06 +/- 0.13 atm) with and without i.v. lactate infusion (100 mM x 4.5 hours) to test the hypotheses that arterial lactate determines ECF lactate. 14C-lactate autoradiography was also performed, to demonstrate whether lactate is taken up by traumatized brain. RESULTS: Dialysate lactate was always significantly higher than arterial. After lactate infusion, both the dialysate and the arterial lactate were significantly increased (P < 0.0001). Dialysate lactate increased within 10 min. following FPI, with significantly higher values in the lactate infusion group (82% higher with lactate infusion after FPI). Dialysate glucose fell following FPI, with a more severe decline in the saline group (129% lower), suggesting lactate infusion preserves or "spares" glucose in ECF. In our autoradiographic study, i.v. 14C-lactate accumulated at the injury site, with levels 2-4 times higher than in contralateral cortex. In conclusion, arterial lactate augmentation thus increases brain dialysate lactate and results in less reduction in ECF glucose, after FPI. Infused lactate accumulates at the injury site, where metabolism is probably the greatest.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement|
|State||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology