Evidence for atmosphere-ocean forcing of yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) recruitment in the Middle Atlantic Bight

Mark C. Sullivan, Robert K. Cowen, Brian P. Steves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the relationship between large-scale climate variability (the North Atlantic Oscillation, NAO), continental shelf hydrography, and year-class strength of yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Using long-term environmental time series (1963-98), dominant winter NAO phase in the northeast region of the United States was correlated with local air temperature records from Block Island, Rhode Island (December-March). Air temperature also influenced the characteristics of a pool of remnant winter cold water on the continental shelf, such that negative NAO winters produced a colder-than-average summer cold pool, and vice versa. Smoothed data sets of L. ferruginea recruitment over the 36-yr period (using Southern New England VPA and hindcast data) were highly correlated with the NAO and air temperature, highlighting the influence of multi-year variability. Although less robust, the relationship with the NAO remained significant after removing equal-but-opposite long-term linear trends from the series. Surprisingly, recruitment and cold pool bottom temperature were only marginally correlated. Data from independent 2-m beam trawl and submersible sampling in the region (1994, 1996-2000) indicated a strong relationship between the abundance of recent settlers and cold pool temperature; however, this pattern was often modified by subsequent changes in cold pool stratification (fall overturn). These results underscore the dynamic role thermal habitats play in the lives of early stage benthic fishes. For yellowtail flounder, the generation of recruitment variability represents one endpoint of a complex interaction between large-scale phenomena (climate) and more localized, event-scale features (cold pool).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-399
Number of pages14
JournalFisheries Oceanography
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Fingerprint

Limanda ferruginea
cold pool
North Atlantic Oscillation
oceans
atmosphere
ocean
air temperature
continental shelf
winter
overturn
climate
hydrography
submersible
cold water
New England region
endpoints
stratification
hydrology
temperature
time series analysis

Keywords

  • Cold pool
  • Limanda ferruginea
  • Middle Atlantic Bight
  • North Atlantic Oscillation
  • Recruitment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Evidence for atmosphere-ocean forcing of yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) recruitment in the Middle Atlantic Bight. / Sullivan, Mark C.; Cowen, Robert K.; Steves, Brian P.

In: Fisheries Oceanography, Vol. 14, No. 5, 01.09.2005, p. 386-399.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sullivan, Mark C. ; Cowen, Robert K. ; Steves, Brian P. / Evidence for atmosphere-ocean forcing of yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) recruitment in the Middle Atlantic Bight. In: Fisheries Oceanography. 2005 ; Vol. 14, No. 5. pp. 386-399.
@article{7d172d0f417744e8be6a93d5eb94393e,
title = "Evidence for atmosphere-ocean forcing of yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) recruitment in the Middle Atlantic Bight",
abstract = "We investigated the relationship between large-scale climate variability (the North Atlantic Oscillation, NAO), continental shelf hydrography, and year-class strength of yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Using long-term environmental time series (1963-98), dominant winter NAO phase in the northeast region of the United States was correlated with local air temperature records from Block Island, Rhode Island (December-March). Air temperature also influenced the characteristics of a pool of remnant winter cold water on the continental shelf, such that negative NAO winters produced a colder-than-average summer cold pool, and vice versa. Smoothed data sets of L. ferruginea recruitment over the 36-yr period (using Southern New England VPA and hindcast data) were highly correlated with the NAO and air temperature, highlighting the influence of multi-year variability. Although less robust, the relationship with the NAO remained significant after removing equal-but-opposite long-term linear trends from the series. Surprisingly, recruitment and cold pool bottom temperature were only marginally correlated. Data from independent 2-m beam trawl and submersible sampling in the region (1994, 1996-2000) indicated a strong relationship between the abundance of recent settlers and cold pool temperature; however, this pattern was often modified by subsequent changes in cold pool stratification (fall overturn). These results underscore the dynamic role thermal habitats play in the lives of early stage benthic fishes. For yellowtail flounder, the generation of recruitment variability represents one endpoint of a complex interaction between large-scale phenomena (climate) and more localized, event-scale features (cold pool).",
keywords = "Cold pool, Limanda ferruginea, Middle Atlantic Bight, North Atlantic Oscillation, Recruitment",
author = "Sullivan, {Mark C.} and Cowen, {Robert K.} and Steves, {Brian P.}",
year = "2005",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2419.2005.00343.x",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "386--399",
journal = "Fisheries Oceanography",
issn = "1054-6006",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for atmosphere-ocean forcing of yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) recruitment in the Middle Atlantic Bight

AU - Sullivan, Mark C.

AU - Cowen, Robert K.

AU - Steves, Brian P.

PY - 2005/9/1

Y1 - 2005/9/1

N2 - We investigated the relationship between large-scale climate variability (the North Atlantic Oscillation, NAO), continental shelf hydrography, and year-class strength of yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Using long-term environmental time series (1963-98), dominant winter NAO phase in the northeast region of the United States was correlated with local air temperature records from Block Island, Rhode Island (December-March). Air temperature also influenced the characteristics of a pool of remnant winter cold water on the continental shelf, such that negative NAO winters produced a colder-than-average summer cold pool, and vice versa. Smoothed data sets of L. ferruginea recruitment over the 36-yr period (using Southern New England VPA and hindcast data) were highly correlated with the NAO and air temperature, highlighting the influence of multi-year variability. Although less robust, the relationship with the NAO remained significant after removing equal-but-opposite long-term linear trends from the series. Surprisingly, recruitment and cold pool bottom temperature were only marginally correlated. Data from independent 2-m beam trawl and submersible sampling in the region (1994, 1996-2000) indicated a strong relationship between the abundance of recent settlers and cold pool temperature; however, this pattern was often modified by subsequent changes in cold pool stratification (fall overturn). These results underscore the dynamic role thermal habitats play in the lives of early stage benthic fishes. For yellowtail flounder, the generation of recruitment variability represents one endpoint of a complex interaction between large-scale phenomena (climate) and more localized, event-scale features (cold pool).

AB - We investigated the relationship between large-scale climate variability (the North Atlantic Oscillation, NAO), continental shelf hydrography, and year-class strength of yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Using long-term environmental time series (1963-98), dominant winter NAO phase in the northeast region of the United States was correlated with local air temperature records from Block Island, Rhode Island (December-March). Air temperature also influenced the characteristics of a pool of remnant winter cold water on the continental shelf, such that negative NAO winters produced a colder-than-average summer cold pool, and vice versa. Smoothed data sets of L. ferruginea recruitment over the 36-yr period (using Southern New England VPA and hindcast data) were highly correlated with the NAO and air temperature, highlighting the influence of multi-year variability. Although less robust, the relationship with the NAO remained significant after removing equal-but-opposite long-term linear trends from the series. Surprisingly, recruitment and cold pool bottom temperature were only marginally correlated. Data from independent 2-m beam trawl and submersible sampling in the region (1994, 1996-2000) indicated a strong relationship between the abundance of recent settlers and cold pool temperature; however, this pattern was often modified by subsequent changes in cold pool stratification (fall overturn). These results underscore the dynamic role thermal habitats play in the lives of early stage benthic fishes. For yellowtail flounder, the generation of recruitment variability represents one endpoint of a complex interaction between large-scale phenomena (climate) and more localized, event-scale features (cold pool).

KW - Cold pool

KW - Limanda ferruginea

KW - Middle Atlantic Bight

KW - North Atlantic Oscillation

KW - Recruitment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=28344448568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=28344448568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2419.2005.00343.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2419.2005.00343.x

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 386

EP - 399

JO - Fisheries Oceanography

JF - Fisheries Oceanography

SN - 1054-6006

IS - 5

ER -