Evaluation of the Content, Quality, and Readability of Patient Accessible Online Resources Regarding Cataracts

Annika J. Patel, Amy Kloosterboer, Nicolas A. Yannuzzi, Nandini Venkateswaran, Jayanth Sridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the content quality, accuracy, and readability of commonly visited websites by cataract patients contemplating cataract surgery. Setting: Freely available online information. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Ten websites were evaluated in a cross-sectional study for content analysis using a grading sheet of 40 questions individually scored by three ophthalmologists. JAMA benchmarks were used to assess the quality. An online readability tool, Readable, was used to assess the readability. Results: There was a significant difference between the content and accuracy of each website according to a Kruskal-Wallis test (H = 22.623, P = .007). The average score for all websites using the grading sheet was 90.85 out of 160 points, or 57% (SD 29.93, CI 95%±17.69). There was no significant correlation between website rank on Google.com and content quality of the website (r = 0.049, P = .894). No websites complied with all 4 JAMA criteria for authorship. There was no significant correlation between content quality of each website and number of JAMA requirements met (r = −0.563, P = .09). The average Flesch Reading Ease Score for all websites was 52.64 (SD 11.94, CI 95%±7.40), and the average Mean Reading Grade was 10.72 (SD 1.58, CI 95%±0.98). There was a significant difference in Mean Reading Grades between websites (H = 23.703, P = .005). There was no significant correlation between content quality of the website and Mean Reading Grade (r = −0.552, P = .098). Conclusion: Commonly accessed online resources on cataracts and cataract surgery are insufficient to provide patients with a clear and complete understanding of their condition as well as available medical and surgical treatment options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-391
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Ophthalmology
Volume36
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Cataract surgery
  • online resources
  • patient education
  • readability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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