Evaluation of dermal myelinated nerve fibers in diabetes mellitus

Amanda C. Peltier, M. Iliza Myers, Kay J. Artibee, Audra D. Hamilton, Qing Yan, Jiasong Guo, Yaping Shi, Lily Wang, Jun Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Skin biopsies have primarily been used to study the non-myelinated nerve fibers of the epidermis in a variety of neuropathies. In this study, we have expanded the skin biopsy technique to glabrous, non-hairy skin to evaluate myelinated nerve fibers in the most highly prevalent peripheral nerve disease, diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN). Twenty patients with DPN (Type I, n = 9; Type II, n = 11) and 16 age-matched healthy controls (age 29-73) underwent skin biopsy of the index finger, nerve conduction studies (NCS), and composite neuropathy scoring. In patients with DPN, we found a statistically significant reduction of both mechanoreceptive Meissner corpuscles (MCs) and their afferent myelinated nerve fibers (p = 0.01). This myelinated nerve fiber loss was correlated with the decreased amplitudes of sensory/motor responses in NCS. This study supports the utilization of skin biopsy to quantitatively evaluate axonal loss of myelinated nerve fibers in patients with DPN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Peripheral Nervous System
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Meissner corpuscles
  • diabetic polyneuropathy
  • glabrous skin
  • myelinated fibers
  • skin biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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  • Cite this

    Peltier, A. C., Myers, M. I., Artibee, K. J., Hamilton, A. D., Yan, Q., Guo, J., Shi, Y., Wang, L., & Li, J. (2013). Evaluation of dermal myelinated nerve fibers in diabetes mellitus. Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System, 18(2), 162-167. https://doi.org/10.1111/jns5.12027